The Writing Center @ The University of Wisconsin - Madison
The Writer's Handbook
Using Numbered References

Create a reference list

List the works cited, with corresponding numbers, on a new page after the text, titled References. Although the sample list below is not arranged alphabetically, you should arrange your reference list in alphabetical order.

Check James D. Lester, Writing Research Papers, 5th ed., pp. 231-237 (available in the Writing Center) or the documentation manual for your field for arrangement and numbering of the list and for style and order of elements within each entry.

Use the table below for guidelines on how to format the entries in a numbered reference list.

Book (1): Single author

1. Zimmerman, B.K. 1984. Biofuture, confronting the genetic era. Plenum Press, New York.

Book (2): 2 authors

2. Nelkin, D., and M. Pollack. 1980. Problems and procedures in the regulation of technological risk. In R. Schwing and W. Albers (eds.), Societal risk management. p. 136-67. Plenum Press, New York.

Book (3): Editor in place of author

3. Milunsky, A., and G.J. Annas (eds.). 1976. Genetics and the law. Plenum Press, New York.

Book (4): 2nd or later edition

4. Burns, George W. 1980. The science of genetics: an introduction to heredity. 4th ed. Macmillan. New York.

Book (5): Volume in a multivolume work

5. Hotchkiss, R.D. 1980. Recombinant DNA research, vol. 5. NIH Publication No. 80-2130.

Book (6): Subtitled volume of multivolume work

6. Office of Technology Assessment, U.S. Congress. 1980. Energy for biological processes, vol. 2. Technical analysis. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C.

Book (7): Article in edited collection

7. Nelkin, D., and M. Pollack. 1980. Problems and procedures in the regulation of technological risk. In R. Schwing and W. Albers (eds.), Societal risk management. p. 136-67. Plenum Press, New York.

Book (8): Corporate author

8. National Research Council. 1977. World food and nutrition study: the potential contributions of research. Author, Washington, D.C.

9. Office of Technology Assessment, U.S. Congress. 1980. Energy for biological processes, vol. 2. Technical analysis. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C.

Journal Article (1): Single author

10. Myers, N. 1979. Conserving our global stock. Environment 21: 25-30.

Journal Article (2): More than 1 author

11. Israel, M.A., et al. 1979. Molecular cloning of polyoma virus DNA in escherichia coli: plasmid vector systems. Science 203: 883-887.

Journal Article (3): In edited collection

12. Nelkin, D., and M. Pollack. 1980. Problems and procedures in the regulation of technological risk. In R. Schwing and W. Albers (eds.), Societal risk management. p. 136-67. Plenum Press, New York.