Use this menu to learn about MLA style documentation.
- General information about MLA parenthetical citations
- Citing books, articles, and other sources parenthetically in your paper
- Abbreviating references to your sources
- Formatting quotations according to the MLA guidelines
- Creating an MLA works cited page
MLA Documentation Guide
Citing books, articles, and other sources parenthetically in your paper
- Author's name in text
Magny develops this argument (67-69).
- Author's name in reference
This argument has been developed elsewhere (Magny 67-69).
- Quotation found in indirect or "secondhand" source
The philosopher Alain states that "admiration is not pleasure but a kind of attention. . ." (qtd. in Magny 66).
- Material found in indirect source
Alain's words seem to dissociate admiration from pleasure (in Magny 66).
- Two authors' names in reference
The most notorious foreign lobby in Washington is the "Sugar Mafia" (Howe and Trott 134).
- Reference to volume and page in multivolume work
As a painter Andrea was "faultless" (Freedberg 1: 98).
- Reference to whole volume
In his second volume, Freedberg gives an account of Andrea's whole painting career.
- Two works by same author on list of works cited
Frye connects Burgess' A Clockwork Orange to romance tradition (Secular Scripture 110).
- Two locations in same source
Dabundo deals with this problem (22, 31).
- Two sources cited
This controversy has been addressed more than once (Dabundo 27; Magny 69).
- Personal interview; name given in text
Parsons talked about the need for physical education teachers to understand the relationship between physical activity and fitness.
- Corporate author
Many different types of organizations in the United States are involved in mediation and dispute resolution (Natl. Inst. for Dispute Resolution).
- Electronic source that uses paragraph numbers
The semiconductor workplace is highly toxic (Ross, par. 35).
- Electronic source that uses chapter and section numbers
"Once we start using a tool extensively, it also starts using us" (Rawlins, ch. 1, sec. 1).