- APSA Headings
- APSA Notes
- APSA Reference List
- Government document
- Legal proceeding, statute, or hearing
- Forthcoming work
- Dissertation or thesis
- Paper presented at meeting
- Indirect source
- Format the reference list
- APSA Parenthetical Citations
Formatting APSA notes
How to use notes
"Notes present explanatory material and should be used sparingly" (American Political Science Association 1993, 13).
To indicate a note in your text, place a superscript number at the end of the sentence, after the final mark of style.
Type the notes themselves double-spaced on a separate page at the end of your paper, titled "Notes" (without the quotation marks).
The notes come before the reference list.
Notes should be used in the cases of newspaper articles and interviews. Use the informaion below to find out how to note these two types of sources.
1. Daniel F. Cuff, "Forging a New Shape for Steel," New York Times, 26 May 1985, sec. F.
[Omit page numbers unless you also specify the edition (e.g., eastern edition).]
"Give the name of the person, the means of communication (telephone conversation, personal correspondence, interview, etc.), the date, and (if appropriate) the place" (American Political Science Association 1993, 14).